Ark of the Covenant
The Ark of the Covenant is also known as the ark of the Testimony, a chest described in the Book of Exodus, which is described to contain the Tablets of Stone on which the Ten Commandments were inscribed. In Exodus, it is stated that the Ark was made at the command of God, as per the instructions were given to Moses on Mount Sinai. The pattern of the Ark was created according to the instructions given by God to Moses.
Moses instructed Bezalel and Oholiab to build the ark. However, in Deuteronomy, it has been stated that the Ark was constructed by Moses himself alone. In Exodus, there is a detailed instruction about how the Ark was to be constructed. It is to be 2 ½ cubits in length, 1 ½ in breadth and 1 ½ in height, which is then to be covered by gold and a crown of gold is to be put around it. Four rings of gold were to be attached to the Ark’s feet two on each side, and through the rings, staves of shittim wood overlaid with the gold for carrying the Ark and these were not to be removed. A golden cover with a Mercy Seat decorated with golden cherubim was to be placed in the Ark. When completed the Ark was to be placed behind a veil.
When the Ark was borne by the Levities into the bed of the Jordan River, the water parted the same way God had parted the Red Sea opening a way for them to pass. The walls of the city of Jericho were shaken to the ground with just the shout from the army after the Ark of the Covenant was paraded around them for 7 days by Levites along with 7 priests blowing 7 trumpets of rams’ horns. When the Levities carried the ark it was completely covered with a long veil made of skins and blue cloth, not visible to anyone.
In 587 BC, the Babylonians destroyed Jerusalem which had the first temple in it that contained the Ark of the Covenant. No evidence has been found as to what had happened to the Ark. The Greek 3rd book of Ezra suggests that Babylonians took away the vessel of the ark of God, but does not mention that the Ark was taken away. On the other hand, some Rabbinic state that the Ark may have been taken away into Babylon and never brought back.