Dystopia – The frightening community or society that is unwanted and feared of. Dystopia – The frightening community is a Greek word, which means “not good place” when translated. This was a term invented by Sir Thomas More as a title of his most recognized work, “Utopia” in 1516. Utopia is a blueprint for an ideal society where there is no crime or poverty. In other terms, dystopia is a horrifying nightmare often generated when one tries to make an ideal society.
Before Thomas More could invent the word “dystopia” it was first documented as “cacotopia” authentically proposed by Jeremy Bentham in 1818. When recognizing a dystopian society, one must keep in mind that they have the following characteristics, dehumanization, dictatorial governments, environmental disaster and other pointers that link with a disastrous decline in Dystopia – The frightening community. The use of dystopian society is often used in many subgenres of fiction to highlight real-world problems regarding the society, such as environment, politics, economics, religion, psychology, ethics, science, and technology.
In politics of the word, it mostly emphasizes the pessimistic views of the ruling class or government that is cruel or totalitarian with an “iron hand” or “iron fist”. These dystopian governments are often the cause for groups that link to resistance proclaiming for a change. In novels such as Parable of the Sower, Nineteen Eight-Four, Brave New World, The Hunger Games and Fahrenheit 451 the idea of dystopian political situations is depicted.
The economic structures of dystopian societies in many media forms are shown as the source of oppression. The most common characteristics are that the state plans out the economy. On the other hand, in Nineteen Eight-Four portray black markets with goods that are harmful and hard to find or the characters may be at mercy of the state-controlled economy.
In Brave New World the concept of parents is nowhere to be found, children are made artificially. Contrariwise, other novels show that the State is unfriendly to motherhood. For example in Nineteen Eighty-Four, children are trained to spy on their parents.
Moreover, religious groups and religion itself play as the oppressor or the oppressed. Such as in Brave New World, the establishment of the state included lopping off the tops of all crosses to make them “T”s. In Margaret Atwood’s novel, The Handmaid’s Tale takes place in the future America under Christianity based theocratic regime.
In every Dystopia – The frightening community violence is common in the form of a war; take Hunger Games as an example; urban crimes led by gangs which often consist of teenagers (A Clockwork Orange), rampant crime met by summary justice or vigilantism (Mad Max) or blood sports (Battle Royale).