Public Interest Theory
The public interest theory undertakes the economic markets which are precisely insubstantial and they significantly have a propensity to function inadequately. Moreover, it assumes in indulgence the entity’s concern while disregarding the significance of the public as a whole.
The banks are competent to oblige the social interest specifically when resources are apportioned proficiently in social interest. The Public theory was effectively established by A.C. Pigou (1932) which embraces that policy is provided in retort to the demand of the community in terms of incompetent or undemocratic market practices. Regulations are implicit to do virtuous to the entire public rather than any person’s attentiveness.
However, the controlling organization is to assist the concentration of the social demand as a whole instead of creating laws in errand of the controllers. As a contrast, Stigler (1972) public choice theory is differentiated and compared with public interest theory. According to Stigler, regulations are arranged when the public stresses the proficient distribution of the selected resources. He stated that regulations are not publicly effectual and they are used by reserved groups to forbid the entry of entrants in the market.
Currently corporates are revealing not only financial performance of the institutions they are also disclosing other relevant non-financial information for instance environmental and socio-economic influence of the organization’s actions and practices, and ingenuities of the officialdoms to advance the unwanted impression of their happenings on the public as well as in milieu. With allusion to the public interest theory it is an underlying principle verdict to familiarize the regulation which commands for the corporate to unveil the influence of their doings on the society.